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December 31st

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December 31, 1917

SCHOOL HERE SOON
TO MOLD N.A. MEN
INTO OFFICERS

 

Non-coms 'and Privates Will Go

Into Three Months' Training Course

 

            Red, white and Blue hat cords will soon take their place among the insignia of camp, denoting members of the third Officers' Training School, which opens here Jan. 5, composed of 535 non-coms and privates and 237 men from Eastern colleges enlisted as Regular Army privates.

            There has been great density of interest among applicants as to who would be chosen, the choice being made from 1.7 per cent of the division's enlisted personnel by a board composed of Col. William R. Smedberg, 305th Infantry; Lieut.  Col. W. B. MCaskey, 152d Depot Brigade, and Lieut.  Col. Charles r. Pettis, 302d Engineers.  Merit has been the sole qualification for places in the school, eligible's being recommended by platoon leaders, passed to the company commanders, thence selections to the regimental commanders and then to the division commanders.

            Probably a provisional battalion of three infantry companies and one battery of field artillery will be created from the 762 students in the school, which will be in command of Lieut.  Col. McCaskey.  There will be a staff of twenty-nine reserve officer instructors and  one French instructor.  All the serve officers have had experience at the Plattsburg and Fort Niagara Camps, and are splendidly prepared for their work.  The candidates will be quartered in barracks in the J section.

            The course of training is three months, and at the end of that time graduates will be recommended as eligible to Second Lieutenancies, but will be returned to their former rank in camp until vacancies arise in the division.  the National Army men retain their present rank and pay during the school.  The college men classed as Regular Army privates receive $33 per month.  These men come from Harvard, New York Military Academy, Cornell, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Connecticut Agricultural College and Massachusetts State College of Agriculture.

 

 Give Him a Try-Out, Lieut!

 

          One of the men in Casual Barracks, corner 15th Street and Third Avenue, asked to be assigned the other day to the Medical Corps.  His Lieutenant asked him what his qualifications were.'  He answered that he was a butcher by profession.


BEST IN MUSIC IS

APPRECIATED HERE

 

Philharmonic, With 17-Star Service

Flag, Also Cheered for

Americanism.

 

          That the men of Camp Upton appreciate the finest in music has again been demonstrated, this time by the reception accorded the New York Philharmonic Society, under the leadership of Josef Stransky.  The Y.M.C.A. Auditorium was filled for the concert and a big cheer was given for the society when it was announced that every one of the ninety members of the great orchestra on the platform is an American citizen, that all belonged to the Red Cross and that they were giving the concert free as a bit of patriotic service.  A service flag with seventeen stars hung from the rear of the stage, showing that number of men from the society, the oldest musical organization in America, in the service of their country.

            The programmed numbers were enthusiastically received, especially the four movements of Dvorak's New World Symphony, written for the Philharmonic by Dvorak to express the spirit of America and incorporating negro and Indian melodies.  three cheers were given for the orchestra at the close of the programmed, which included "The Star Spangled Banner."  "The Swan of Tuonela" (Sibelius), "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" (Dukas).  Noeturna for violoncello and harp, Leo Schulz, violoncellist, and Alfred Kastner, harpist (Chopin), and Victor Herbert's "American Fantasy."


 

GOVERNOR, IN LETTER, INDORSES

"THE SOLDIERS' OWN PAPER"

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Is "a Patriotic and Practical
Activity," Says New York's Head

 

          Above is a New Year's greeting to the officers and men of Camp Upton from Gov. Whitman, who feels on the eve of the New Year the heroic responsibilities which rest in the hands of men of this State in the Seventy-Seventh Division.

          The fact that Trench and Camp is peculiarly a soldier's paper is recognized by the Governor, the text of whose letter follows:

 

          "I am greatly interested to learn that the national War Work Council of the Young Men's Christian Association is issuing weekly a Camp Upton edition of Trench and Camp, a patriotic and practical activity which has my hearty endorsement.

 

          "Such a paper must prove of the greatest interest and comfort not only to our soldiers in the field but to their families at home, and as Governor of this State I am glad to avail myself of the opportunity, through the medium of "The Soldiers' Own Paper," to send to the officers and men of Camp Upton my cordial greeting for the New Year.

          "I share in the pride which must be felt by every patriotic citizen of this great State in the noble response of our gallant manhood to their country's call, and I know that whatever the coming year may bring forth in suffering and hardship, there will be no faltering no indecision - in the high duty they are called upon to perform.

 

"CHARLES WHITMAN"


"INNER CIRCLE"

SIGNIFICANT OF
A BROAD SPIRIT

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All Religious Agencies Here
Cooperate, by Distinctive
Plan

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          Visitors to camp who have visited other of the National Army cantonments remark upon the remarkably fine and liberal spirit of co-operation which exists among the various agencies working here, especially for the conservation and advancement of religious activity and interest.  One of the strongest tangible proofs of this is the distinctive plan adopted here by religious workers for the maintenance of the high moral tone.  No other camp uses the plan, which is an Upton one, conceived and executed.  "The Inner Circle" is the name under which the work is carried on, and cards are used which bear the insignia of the three agencies working together - the Jewish Board of Welfare Work, the Knights of Columbus and Y.M.C.A.

          Signers are secured in each barracks who constitute the Inner Circle, and it is upon them that much of the responsibility for moral conservation rests.  they sign the following obligation:  "Having answered my country's call and recognizing that an obligation rests upon me as a member of the National Army to be a strong and efficient soldier, and realizing the need of help in meeting this obligation.  I do hereby pledge myself to cooperate with other like-minded men by forming in my barracks an Inner Circle which will promote the following:  1 - Clean thought.  2 - Clean speech.  3 - Clean living, and 4 - character building.  Character is formed through prayer, Bible study, attendance on divine worship and service for other men."


Bishop Brings
Message From
Gen. Pershing

Must Get Spirit of Determination
Into War, Says Divine.
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          That America can win the War, must win the War and will win the War was the message brought Upton soldiers from Gen. Pershing recently.  the bearer was the Rev. Bishop Luther B. Wilson, General Superintendent of the Methodist Episcopal Church of New York, who was six months in France and Italy observing conditions.  Before leaving for America the Bishop had a conference with the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, and asked  Gen. Pershing what message he sent the American people and the young men in training.

          "Tell them." said Gen. Pershing, "that it is the rankest sedition to say that Germany will win this War.  America can win the War, America must win the War, and America will win the War."

"They shall Not Pass!"

          In his three addresses here, Bishop Wilson said that his country must get the same determination which stiffened the living wall of French at Verdun, when the immortal sentence went through the defenders, "They shall not pass!"  He deplored the presence of those in this fend who sympathize, professing loyalty to the Stars and Stripes, with Germany and its programmed, and suggested that they be sent to a place where there will be meatless, wheat less, sweetness, heatless and, occasionally, earless days.  "There will be no treating for peace with the present heads of Germany," said the divine.  "That power must be crushed, with absolute finality."

          The noted cleric delivered two of his messages to the men of the 305th Infantry, being a guest of Mr. Young and Mr. Malmberg of the Fifth Avenue and First Street Y.M.C.A.  His third address was to men of the 307th and 308th Infantry Regiments in the hut at Fifth and Eight.

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COLORED SOLDIERS TO
SING IN NEW YORK

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1,000 Buffalo Warblers, Under

Max Weinstein, Will

Be Heard.

 

          One thousand men of the 367th Infantry (colored), the Buffalo regiment, are practicing zealously under the direction of Max Weinstein, official regimental song director, for a musical affair in New York, which promises to take a unique place among soldier entertainments.

          It is to be a concert in Manhattan Opera House, New York, Sunday, Jan. 20th, featuring the great chorus of negro soldier voices.  Weinstein secured marvelous effects from the throats of these song-birds. some of the pipe organ harmonies and nuances rising into the heights of real musician.  Col. Moss is enthusiastically backing the New York appearance, and it will be an opportunity to hear music of a rarer sort only infrequently accorded even in the neighbor village.

          The 367th continue in the entertainment field with honors, one of their most recent being an evening in K. of C. Auditorium, when a programmed of regimental talent was given.  Among the performers were the following singers, dancers and monologists:  Private Williams, Company A; Sergt. Bowman, Company A; Private Fells, Company A, Private Simmeljkaer, Headquarters  Company; Private Blackwell and Private Robsinon, Company A; Sergt. Battle, Headquarters Company; Private Hacketts, Company A.

 

THEY WANT TO KNOW

         

          All your family - grandmother to little sister - are eager for every scrap of information they can get about your life in camp.  Trench and Camp is full of items concerning your military life.  Send this paper home.


PUZZLE - FIND THE SOLDIER
WHO DID NOT GET
A LETTER

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           Here is another drawing from the pen of Frank Hines, a member of the 122d Field Artillery Band at Camp Logan, Houston, Texas, who won the wrist watch in the cartoon contest recently conducted by Trench and Camp.  Like his prize-winning drawing, the above cartoon doubtless will appeal to all soldiers because of its human touch.

          In his letter acknowledging receipt of the wrist watch awarded him, Bandsman Hines said:

          "The watch is a beauty, and needless to say, I am more than proud of it, not only for this reason, perhaps, but also because it is in a way a trophy and one I hardly hoped to get.  I fear very much that if Mr. Ray McGill, at Camp Grant, Rockford, Ill., had been more prompt in submitting his work I would have been rated among the "also rans,' but fate was kind.

          "That Trench and Camp has been, so far, successful in its mission to inform, stimulate, entertain and amuse the soldiers, I am sure, for it is decidedly popular among the boys here, many of whom send it home."

 

All Officers Must Be Able To
Stand " Prolonged Hardships"

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          "Capacity to perform a highly specialized and arduous type of service" is the test by which the fitness of general officers of the army for services "Over There" is to be judged.

          Physical examinations have already proved the unfitness of a number of high officers in the Regular Army and National Guard to stand the rigorous service in France.  Announcement has been made that these officers and others who cannot pass the examination will be utilized in training troops in camps and cantonments in the United States.

          Following is Secretary Baker's statement regarding the physical examination before being detailed for service overseas:

          "All general officers of the Regular Army and the National Guard are being examined by medical boards and efficiency boards with a view of determining the advisability of sending them for service abroad.  The conditions of foreign service in this war are unusually severe, requiring that general officers shall be not only adequately grounded in military science and adequately alert physically to acquire rapidly the lessons which the new form of warfare require, but able to endure prolonged hardships.

          "The determination of these boards are impersonal and in the interest of the success of our armies and the welfare both of leaders and men, and will be affirmed by the War Department.  This policy will no doubt commend itself to the people of the country as being in the public interest, and even where it is necessary to delay the opportunity  for foreign service to soldiers of long experience it will be understood to imply nothing in any way prejudicial to the officers involved.

          "Boards of this kind have already found some of the general officers of both the Regular Army and the National Guard physically unfit.  Such finding does not in any way reflect upon the past services of the officer or upon his present zeal and willingness to make personal sacrifices in the further service of his country, but the question to be determined is one of capacity to perform a highly specialized and arduous type of service."


Bill would Permit
Americans To Accept Foreign Decorations

_____

          Among the first bills introduced at the present session of Congress was a measure by Congressman Linthicum, of Maryland, "To permit any soldier, sailor, marine or other person engaged in the service of the United Stated in the prosecution of said War."

          Passage of this bill, which seems practically assured, would permit the wearing of War crosses recently bestowed upon twelve American officers and enlisted men by the French government and the acceptance of similar decorations by the families of Corporal James d. Gresham and Privates Merie D. Hay and Thomas F. Enright, the first United States soldiers to die in battle "Over There."  The fifteen War crosses were informed that they could not wear them until authority was granted by Congress.

          The Linthicum bill would permit the acceptance of decorations from Great Britain and Italy as well as France, and also provides that diplomats be allowed to receive decorations.

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WILHELM'S LAST WILL
APPEARS AS SOUVENIR

_____

          One of the latest souvenirs of the War to make its appearance in various cities throughout the country is an official-looking document bearing a big red stamp and entitled "The Last Will and Testament of the Kalser,".  The wording of the will is as follows:

          "This is the last will and testament of me,  Wilhelm, the super swanker and ruler of the sausage-eaters, recognizing that I am fairly up against it, and expecting to meet with a violent death at any minute at the hands of brave Sammies, hereby make my last will and testament.

          "I appoint the Emperor of Austria to be my sole executor (by kind permission of the Allies).

          "1 - I give and bequeath to France the territories of Alsace and Lorraine (as this is only a case of returning stolen property, I don't deserve any credit for it, and am not likely to get it either).

          "2 - To Serbia I give Austria.

          "3 - To Russia I give Turkey.

          "4 - To Belgium I should like to give all the thick ears, black eyes, and broken noses that she presented me with when I politely trespassed on her territory.

          "5 - To your Uncle Sam I give all my dreadnaughts, submarines, trope do-boat destroyers and fleet of Frunkers generally, what's left of them.  He's bound to have the, in the end, so this is only anticipating events.

          "6 - To John Bull I give what's left of my army, as his General Haig seems so hand at turning my men into sausage meat.

          "7 - To the college of Science and Museum I leave my famous mustache as a souvenir of the greatest swanker in this or any other age.

          "8 - To Mrs. Pankhurst and the wild women I leave my mailed fist; they'll find it useful, no doubt, when they resume their militant tactics.

          "9 - To Sir Ernest Shackleton I leave the pole I've been up for so long that I regard it as my own property.

                   "(Signed) H.I.M.Wilhelm,

          "Lord of the Land, Sea and Air,

          "Not forgetting the Sausages and Lager Beer."


FRENCH CONFIDENT SAMMIES

WILL END WAR NEXT SPRING

_____

          "When the American forces start their drive next spring the Germans will melt away like butter before a hot fire."

          This is the expression heard throughout France today and brought to this country by Americans returning from Europe.  These travelers declare that an entirely new spirit has come over France since the American soldiers arrived "Over There."  The French soldiers have been

greatly encouraged and stimulated by the sight of the boys in Khaki and are confident that the more American soldiers sent to France the nearer draws the end of the War.

          Shortly after his arrival at an Atlantic port Robert Davis, who has spent several months in Europe working for the Red Cross, said:

          "Everything is all right with the American troops this winter.  General Pershing told me that unless something unforeseen happens he does not expect American troops to get into action generally until winder breaks.  He said we must buck up the French because they are holding the line until our baby army is schooled."
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SHORT STORIES

 

SAVE THE CANS

___

In each of the camps and cantonments throughout the United States an officer has been appointed to direct the saving of all tins cans.  Similar work has been taken by civilian committees in various cities.  The object of the can saving is to conserve the tin supply of country.

 

IDENTIFYING THE NOISE

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          Harry (just "out") - Listen, Bill!  Sounds like Ole Fritz comin' over in the mud- Squish squash, squish squash.

          Bill - that's Orl right - that's only the Americans further up a 'chewin' their gum rations. -

                                                                               LONDON OPINION.

 

ITALIANS BATTLE HUNS
WHERE ATTILA WAS HALTED
FIFTEEN CENTURIES AGO

______

           Italy's struggle to save Venice developed one of the strangest phases of War ever known in the history of the world.  It is neither land warfare nor water warfare, but a combination of both and is referred to by correspondents as "half aquatic, water-and-land conflict."

          Fifteen centuries ago Atilla and his original Huns reached exactly the same spot between the Piave and the Sile rivers that the modern Teutonic Huns have reached today.  Fifteen hundred years ago the original inhabitants of the section fled from the mainland and on to the gulfs and flats of the lagoons founded the island colonies which eventually became Venice.  Over the same intervening canals, marshes, lagoons and lakes by which Atilla and his Huns  were checked, the Italians today are checking the modern-day Huns.


302D - ENGINEERS.

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        Dr. Trexler has been transferred.  He now is chaplain for the Base Hospital.  His cheery ways will comfort many there.  Don't forget us, Doctor' we won't forget you!

          The design and construction of the Community hall has been placed in the hands of the engineers.  Any other odd jobs, or hard ones!  Send them along to us and we will finish them.  Essayons!

          The Chief of Engineers at Washington took occasion to compliment Company E on their fine knot and lashing board, photograph of which had been sent him.  Hats off to Privates Cole, Lehman and Foley, who superintended the making of the board.

          And while on the subject of compliments, Ye Scribe wishes to call attention to the remarks made on the record of Coral. Bromberger of Company B.  he has received a very high compliment from one of the ranking officers of the division for gallant and courteous conduct.  One can never tell when actions are being watched.  Let his action be typical of engineer courtesy.

          The lecture by Capt. Trounce, Engineer Reserve Corps (late of the Royal Engineers) at the Auditorium was enjoyed by all.  His account of the doings of the Royal Engineers was very apropos.  As a result, we are going to do some mining and tunneling.  here will be a good chance for the companies to distinguish themselves.  Who will finish the first dugout?  And who the best one?

          The relief map being made by the artificers of Company E is well worth seeing.  It illustrates the terrain of an areas about one mile square, and shows all the accessories of modern warfare.  Go and see it and do likewise!

          The frozen ground has delayed the completion of our landscape improvement, but you can bet we will win that $100 prize for the best kept grounds; also any other prizes that are offered.

          The men here Christmas didn't lack.  At a Christmas party in Company F barrack, every one of the 130 men received a box, with candy, smokes and other articles.  Dr. Manning received 130 pairs of very fine gloves from New York, which were included in the gifts.

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FROM THE HILL TOWER

CAMP UPTON

Private C.a. Brightside is of the opinion that the fellows who got New Year's leave were vastly better favored than the brethren who passed Christmas at home.  They only got four days. We New Year's ginks get home for two year's

 

OFFICIAL STUFF

          Where do we go from here, boys?  Ah, yes, where do we!  The observer from the Hill Tower perceives a ray of light illuminating this question sending its beams from any barracks.

_____

Says Lance Corporal Helmiderkiser:  "One of the Post Office boys told the fellow who wears my other shirt when he goes to town that the General's mail was five ounces heavier yesterday.  He thinks that means we leave within forty-eight hours to besiege Hoboken."

_____

Chief Beanzunash figures that his outfit will be packing up for Porto Rico soon.  "Not so much sugar in the mess as there used to be.  That must mean we're going to beat it for where there's more.  Probably Porto Rico."

_____

December 31, 1917

          "We'll be here at least a year," disagrees Orderly Orsumthing.  "Didn't the Sergeant tell a fellow the other day that it'd be a year before he could shoot at a German if it took him as long to load a gun as it did to learn how to carry it?"

_____

          Private Supeladel overheard a pair of lieutenants talking.  "No," said one, "I don't think I'll new my subscription to the Poetry Review.  I report in Pvt. S.'s company spread like jam for breakfast that "We're going South pretty soon- probably at once.  heard two brigade generals talking and they said we'd leave within a week."

_____

          Of course it may not mean anything, but Sergt. Sacks is in the Bakery Department and has considerable to do with Flour.

_____

          One of the many little advantages of being a soldier at Christmas is that the Aunt Who Gave the Pale Flowered Neckwear is no longer terrible.  But speaking of useful gifts for soldiers, how's this for a prize package:  Tow pair garters, two neckties, one red and one green; one copy of Shakespeare's "All's Well That Ends Well," a blue silk muffler?

_____

The guard had challenged three times.  The challenge was a "non-English speaking" person and the only American language he had was What he'd picked up under Private Masterbrand's classes.  The click of the guard's gun spelled business.  The challenge gapingly realized that he'd better say something, so from the book he rehearsed, slowly:  "Sergeant, dismiss the company."

_____

Now that the discussion is on the matter of leaves, we venture to wonder if the Kaiser will turn over a new one.

_____

Some sort of decoration is due Private Nauheim, Company A, 308th.  He likes fire guard duty in the Hill Tower.  That's not why he should be given a war cross, but the reason for liking it ought to qualify him.  He likes it, gently reader, because form thence he can see the Camp Upton sunsets.  Now while the class in esthetics is reciting, how many have deliberately and cold-bloodedly watch a sunset from here?  Let there be a show of hands!

_____

"How do you wish your hair trimmed, sir?"  murmured the barber to his Soldier Prey.

"Over the top," came the reply, just like that.


CULLED FROM OTHER CAMPS

FOR UPTON MEN

_____

          There may be a munitions shortage and all that, but nevertheless the boys of Camp Kearny, Linda vista, Cal., are having valuable preliminary experience with powder.  "Battle With Powder" is the caption of a little story in the Camp Kearny Trench and Camp, and, reading on, the intelligence is gleaned that a score or more members of the 160th Infantry engaged in a battle royal with - talcum powder!  Several cans were used and the stench of battle was terrific.  Then, as an indication of the love of these Kearny fighters for powder, another item in the same paper tells of the theft of a powder puff from Miss Katherine Stinson, an aviatrix, by one of the 40th Division men.  Some ambitious youth in the Ordnance Department, no doubt.

          While the chaplain of a Camp Beau-regard (La.) regiment was conducting service, some disturbing talk went on in the vicinity of the meeting.  the padre happened to be praying and a devout worshipper rebuked the disturbers in old-fashioned theological language thus:  "Shut up there, you damned heathens, don't you see he's praying?"

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          Uptonites, ducking their heads under Long Island nor'westers, may be interested to hear that their comrades-in-arms encamped at Palo Alto, Cal. (Camp Fremont), are in the midst of a camp "world series" of baseball.  The account says that "these warm days (business of brushing perspiration from the brow) see the diamonds filled morning and afternoon."  Orderly, pass the Iced Tea!

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          Some one at Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Michigan, wants Private Brodie's address.  We wonder if it's the immortal Steve who's being sought for data concerning the taking of another chance.

_____

          One man in twenty in Camp Jackson, Columbia, South Carolina, got a Christmas Leave.  the imagination finds it hard to picture what happened when the other nineteen greeted him after the vacation.

_____

          Camp Pike, Little Rock, Arkansas, is to have an Aviation Examining Board for men aspiring to soar higher in the service.

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          "Pockets were not made for men's hands," is the comment on the lax habit of thrusting the latter in the former, by Major Gen. Bell, commanding Camp Logan, Houston, Texas.  he issues an order that this habit, carelessness in dress, saluting with a cigarette or cigar in the hand, and other evidences of faulty soldier breeding, must cease.

_____

          Farmers in the vicinity of Camp Wheeler, Macon, Georgia, demonstrated a real warmth of patriotism by hauling seventy-five wagonloads of cord-wood into camp for the use of the soldiers.

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RECRUITS FROM SLOCUM.

         

          Over a thousand of the enlisted men who found Fort Slocum without hotel accommodations and slept in New Rochelle churches and clubs have come under the Seventy-Seventh Division's hospitable roof, and from the remarks they have a high opinion of Gen. Johnson's treatment.  They came with the proverbial "two thin blankets," but were supplied with more protection against Long Island's rigors, and in their Depot Brigade quarters have been making themselves quite at home.  They compose' part of the great flow of men who enlisted before Dec. 15th.

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FIRE DRILLS TESTED

          The first fire alarm has proved the wisdom of the strict fire drills which have been practiced here, and the damage done was kept to less than $1,000 as a result.  A blaze started in the basement of the 304th Field Artillery Dispensary, when no one was in the building, but some of the heavy gunmen returning from a hike discovered it, formed a hose line and bucket brigade, and by the time the Fire Department arrived the would-be conflagration was done for.


JAZZERS PROVE THEY'RE INDEPENDENT

OF L.I.R.R.

         

          The famous Jazz Band of the Q. M.C. was smashed all up on Sunday last by the absence on leave of two of its most prominent members, the Harmonica and Jew sharp manipulators, Privates Alfred Lawrence and Julian Hankins.  Of course, there is nothing remarkable in the fact that they were away.  herein lies the story:  for a lark (More or less) these two musicians decided to practice marching by saving carfare to New York through the simple expedient of walking it!  It can be reported that the energetic hikers reached the big town in just nine hours.  They were given lifts in eight different automobiles, walked thirty miles, and had a beautiful time the whole way.

 

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With the Humorists

          Among the proud boasts of the Machine Gun Company, 307th Infantry, which include military efficiency, accurate marksmanship and esprit de corps, is Herman Cohen, the Yodeling Yit of Yaphank, who is known from the wilds of the Bronx away down to Battery Park, from one end of Camp Upton to the other.

          Every organization has its funny man; every outfit has one or more characters who, in some way or the other, serve to liven things up and make the time fly faster; but the machine gunners are ready to maintain that no disciple of wit and humor in the division so deservedly enjoys such popularity as the Yodeling Yit.

          He is a truly funny man.  His stuff is good.  There is nothing half-way about it.  His gulps and jokes are as effective against the blues as a forty-two centimeter gun against a sandpile.  There is no strained attempt to be funny.  He is just naturally humorous.  His presence on a disagreeable detail is enough to make the job not only easy but pleasant - and that's the reason why the Machine Gunner  swear by him.  he makes them laugh. and anyone who can make people laugh is better than a philanthropist.

          And some jay-not far distant, perhaps - the Machine Gunners of the 307th Infantry will go into action with smiles on their faces, produced by some remark or joke from the Yodeling Yit, and then woe betide the botches!


TAPS AND REVEILLE
MEET IN MILITARY
BALL OF BUFFALOES
____

367TH Infantry Welfare League
Sponsors Affair in
New York.
____

            If there was a in ember of the 367th Infantry by any misfortune or hard fate wrought by military necessity left at Camp Upton Dec 31, he was some mournful Buffalo.  For at 9 o'clock on that evening, the threshold of a new year, the Buffalo hand men, inspired by the able baton of Egbert E. Johnson, erstwhile leader of musicians in the British Navy, struck up a grand march that will always be memorable.  The scene was the 71st Regiment Armory, 34th Street and Park Avenue, New York.  Hundreds of friends, with their erect, stalwart military escorts, furbished and accoutered as becomes the perfect soldier man, gathered for this grand military ball and army New Year's Eve ceremony.  It was given by the 367h Infantry Welfare League.  Col. Moss and other regimental officers, officers of the Welfare League, of which Theodore Roosevelt is Honorary President, were honor guests and the patroness lie contained many prominent names.

            The sounding of "taps" and "reveille" were features of the evening, which was replete with interesting ones.  The following explanation of these two calls and their bearing on the part was given in the programme:

            "At military funerals "taps" is always sounded just before the coffin is lowered into the grave.  This practice involves a deeply felt sentiment - ' rest in peace.  In the daily life of the soldier the sounding of "taps." at 11 o'clock P.M., signifying lights out, announces the end of the day, implying that the cares and labors of the soldier are ended for that day.  So does the sounding of "taps" at his funeral signify the end of his day, the "lights out" of his life, his 'rest in peace'.

            "Reveille" is the first call that is sounded in the daily life of the soldier announcing, as it does, the dawn, the beginning of another day.

            "So it is that with "taps" and "reveille" possessing the significance they do, meaning what they do to the soldier, it is an old army custom to sound, with all lights extinguished, the "taps" of the old year as the clock is striking 12 the night of Dec. 31st, after the last stroke of which, mid light, music and song, the "reveille" of the New Year is sounded."


REGIMENTAL BUFFALO.

           

            The first issue of the Regimental Buffalo, the paper which will be issued for the men of the 367th Infantry (colored) will be ready for distribution soon.  Capt. B.F. Norris, Headquarters Company, is editor in chief of the venture, with Col. Moss in general supervision, and talented members of the outfit contributing drawings, news, poems and quips.
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THE UNBREAKABLE LINE

           

            One of the higher commanders of the French Army now on duty in America recently prepared a memorandum for the French Institute of the United States , in which he pointed out that Germany would make her supreme effort to win the war before June 1, 1918.  Already the German divisions that have been set free on the Russian front have been hurled against the northern borders of Italy.  France and England and America are calmly waiting the advent of new divisions for fighting in the Champagne district, in front of Verdun, or anywhere else the Germans may choose along the line of trenches from the mountains of Switzerland to the North Sea.

            We speak of trenches and we have in mind one narrow trench three or four feet wide and five feet deep, but how many of us stop to think that trench, and then another trench, and then another, until the whole system from where the first front line trenches face each other all the way back to the rear line covers a distance of more than fifty miles?  It is this network of trenches; it is this long and carefully prepared system of defense backed by the artillery of France and that of her allies that has made France so sure that Germany would not pass that way.

            As the attack on Paris failed in 1914, as the great drive at Verdun has since failed in spite of the hundreds of thousands that the Crown Prince lost, so this new drive against the integrity of France and the success of the Allied cause will also fail.

            But one thing this French commander did not emphasize.  He spoke of the fact that America would be there to help, and she will; he spoke of the fact that the French artillery and the British artillery were now able to dominate the German gunfire as they had never been able to do before in all their experience, and he commented with evident satisfaction upon the fact that Germany had been forced to go back to the old method of mass formation which, though it gives more courage to the men who are marching, exposes the whole body to a degree of destruction from gunfire that is not possible where men attack in open order.

            These are some of the conditions which make the Allies' line seem unbreakable, but there is one fact that surpasses them all.  It is the spirit of the American soldier.  These men do not have to be herded along like cattle by their second lieutenants; they did not cross the ocean in pursuit of loot or lust; they have not been fed for a generation on hatred, nor is their national industry founded on war.  they are come to face death because they wish that life may be preserved for themselves, their fathers, their mothers and their children.  They have made war that they might insure peace.  They have brought suffering that they might do away with sorrow.  They are fired by the highest ideal that animates the heart of man, and that ideal is the unbreakable trench which no German Soldier can ever take, and no German shell ever demolish.  The Prussian barbarians have sacked Louvain; they have shot to pieces the great Cathedral of Rheims; they have laid waste the fairest portions of France, but they have not broken the spirit of France, and they will never scale the citadel of the soul of America!

            That is the contribution that America will make.  All its guns and all its men are only the outward symbol of the spirit which these men exemplify by their lives and by their labors.

            The way may be long, but the end is certain; the cost may be great, but the victory is secure.  Already in Germany there are those who see the handwriting on the wall.  Perhaps even the Kaiser has seen it; if not, the time will come when he will look back and know that when America came into the war he met the insurmountable force of the American spirit.  And that day the war for Germany was lost!


CARRYING THE BOYS "OVER

THERE"

 

            "There is," said Napoleon, "no such thing as certainty in war."

            That maxim applies today as surely as it did at Austerlitz, at Jena and at Waterloo.  There is no certainty as to the effect of artillery-fire, perfected though it seems to have been.  There is no certainty as to the resistance of the enemy, tried though he has been by three years of fighting.  There is no certainty as to the future of the submarine, combated though it is by most accurate science and the most creaseless vigilance of the allies.

            This was why Assistant Secretary Roosevelt, in announcing the arrival of the first American troops in France, felt it necessary to warn the people that some of our transports would inevitably be lost before all the boys had been landed "Over There."  If nothing else operated, the mere laws of probability and chance would make it almost certain that some of our transports would founder and sink.  There is no use concealing the probability.

            But this we can write down with assurance and with pride:  Thanks to the efforts of the allied navies, not one of the tens of thousands who have left American ports for foreign service since last April has yet lost his life at sea en route to England or France.  Dangers there have been as a matter of course, and close escapes; but of deaths, not one in all the army.

            How this record has thus far been attained it is neither prudent nor patriotic to explain in detail.  The less the enemy knows about our defensive methods, the less capable he will be of combating them.  But the censorship has permitted the publication of a few facts from which readers of Trench and Camp may draw conclusions.

            Reports have come, from time to time, of submarines operating 300, 400 and sometimes as much as 500 miles from the shores of France and Ireland, but actual experience has demonstrated that the undersea boats seldom venture more than 200 miles from shore.  it is within this distance - the last day's run - that the danger is most acute.  Consequently, as our transports approach the edge of this zone, preparations are made for defense and the size of the convoy is greatly increased.  The guns are manned, the boats are swung out on their davits and the men put on life-belts.  Fore and aft, the gun-crews stand ready to fire on an instant's warning, while the officers and the lookout scan the horizon.

            Chief reliance, however, is placed upon the destroyers and the submarine chasers.  These move around the transports in a cordon and at a speed more than twice that of the transports.  If a submarine is sighted, the destroyer is under orders to open fire and run it down, where practicable.  If a "chaser" or a destroyer sights the wake of a torpedo, the navigator must, if possible, put his boat between the torpedo and the transport.  Dangerous work, that, with the assurance of a certain dearth if the torpedo strikes the chaser!  But the men on those fast flying craft face it with a cold courage and a quick decision that are an honor to America.

            Taking all the troop0movements at sea since the outbreak of hostilities, some statistician has computed that the chances of death on a transport are only about 1.5 times what they would be on ocean-liners during times of peace.  If the comparative losses on transports during three years of war be reckoned against the losses at sea during the three years immediately preceding the war, the chances of death are even less than 1.5 to 1.  That is consoling to the fighting-man who wants at least, to die with Mother Earth beneath him.  But if those chances were ten times as great as they are, there is scarcely a man in any of the thirty-two camps that would hesitate a moment.  that is the spirit of America and that is the spirit which is to win the WAR!


CANTONMENT TYPES

THE AUTHORITY

 

          At every mess his voice is heard.  it rises from every tent and barrack group, and thunders forth edicts, pronunciamentoes, last-words and final opinions.

          The Authority has a grim set of jaw and the light of inside information in his eye.  He Knows It All - or If Not All, Practically Everything of Any Account.

          Perhaps that question if before the house which All Men Everywhere discuss:  How Long Will The War Last?  The Authority doesn't guess when the conflict will end.  He knows.  He proves by arithmetic, calculus, theology and astronomy that it will be over in three years, five months and fifteen days.  His opinion amounts to a Fiat.  Let The Powers heed, is the way one feels after The Authority has seen fit to Speak.

          His pronouncements on other matters, be they smoking tobacco, rifles, philosophy, religion or army hash, are Final - five -Star Complete, as the newspaper language has it.  If his mates are hanging breathless on the Latest Rumor, The Authority pushes aside the bringer of the alleged tidings and lays before the house contrary information forty seconds later than the latest.

          It is impossible to argue with The Authority.  Like trying to contravene General Orders with poetry, or put off reveille with logic, is any attempt to gainsay him.

          Toleration is the most bitter treatment.  Indulgence, such as one accords a mildly insane person, is the best medicine for this chap who is in every camp and cantonment.  He can't help it.  Perhaps his nurse dropped him on a concrete sidewalk when he was too young to prove authoritative over that point in knowledge is to know how little is known, or can be.  Then, he will be humble, and no longer The Authority.

 

THE FIRST THIRTY-SIX HOURS

ON SHORE "OVER THERE"

By CHAUNCEY P. HULBERT

Somewhere In France

 

            "Heaven help the Germans if they ever get in front of that bunch."

            There was good reason for this remark.  Across an open field came charging 1,400 khaki-clad men as fast as they could sprint.

            "Like a herd of buffaloes," remarked another observer.

            At the end of a minute's run the 1,400 men jumped a shallow six-foot trench and went flying back again.  If the dust had not been so muddy it would have filled the air.

            This took place at one of the great French ports during the first afternoon the men landed from America.  it was called an inter-regimental field day and somewhat over 4,000 American soldiers participated in it inside of two hours.  The events included a company run of 200 years, the trench jump and "Company Soccer."  Every man took an active part and the winning company was announced amid cheers.  This is one example of what the Red Triangle is doing with "Mass Athletics."

            During the morning on which the soldiers arrived on the transports three members of the athletic and recreation department of the Y.M.C.A. delivered nine lectures before all the officers and men of the convoy on "social Morality" and "Mass Athletics."  The filled day of the afternoon was a practical experiment along the latter line, being conducted by six "Y" secretaries without preliminary plan or special equipment.  Every man got strenuous exercise and plenty of it and spent the evening writing home about "Some Track Meet."

            The next morning the same Red Triangle speakers, Dr. John McCurdy, Dr. John Coulter and Dr. James Naismith, addressed other groups of men drawn up by regiments on similar topics.  It is significant that the activities of the arriving troops for their first thirty-six hours ashore were put entirely in the hands of the Y.M.C.A.  The favorable comment of both officers and men attested the success of the undertaking.

            In the trench jump the men wore their full uniforms and carried their rifles and looked for all the world like they were actually going over the top.  Following the trench jump they were actually going over the top. Following the trench jump they were marched back to the starting point and a few moments later dashed off the 220 yards in record breaking time.  In the company soccer game four balls were used and the officials included four referees, two umpires, four scorers and two time-keepers.

 

THE RED TRIANGLE

(An appeal in behalf of Y.M.C.A. War Work)

 

Lift up the Red Triangle
Beside the thundering guns-
A friend, a shield, a solace
To our ten million sons!
Go build a hut or dugout
By billet or by trench-
A shelter from the horror,
The cold, the filth, the stench!
Where boys we love, returning,
from out the gory loam
Can sight the Red Triangle
And find a bit of home!

 

Lift up the Red Triangle
Against the things that maim
It conquers Booze, the wrecker!
It shuts the house of shame!

 

-2-


Go make a friendly corner,
So lads can take the pen
And get in touch with mother
And God's clean things again!
Where Hell's destroying forces
Are leagued with Potsdam's crew,
Lift up the Red Triangle-
And help our boys "COME THROUGH"!


 SIX NEW MAJOR - GENERALS

 

            THE FOLLOWING BRIGADIER-GENERALS HAVE BEEN PROMOTED TO BE MAJOR-GENERALS:

            George H. Cameron, Andre w. Brewster, Charles C. Ballou, George W. Reed, Charles H. Muir and Charles T. Menoher.

            These colonels were made brigadier-generals:

            Malvern-Hill Barnum, William H. Hay and James McI. Carter.

            Col.  Alexander L. Dade was made brigadier-general of the Signal Corps.

 

SOLDIERS SEND GIFTS

           It was not a case of all take and no give with the American soldiers in France on Christmas Day.  The khaki-clad boys "Over There" sent back more than 10,000 sacks of Christmas presents to their relatives and friends.  The gifts included hundreds of foreign novelties and souvenirs of the war and will be most highly treasured by the recipients.


SOLDIERS GRADUALLY COMING UNDER SPELL OF THAT
INEFFABLE FEMININE TOUCH IN HOSTESS HOUSES

­­­____

Mrs. George Pirnie, With Three Sons in Service.  finding That
"Camp Mother" Mantle Falls
Upon Her.

____

            Outside Mud, wind, rain, damp, bluster.  Inside-Warmth, subdued lights, comfortable wicker chairs in which soldiers are resting comfortably, Yutetide decorations with the ineffable touch that denotes a women's artistry, blazing fire in the huge stone fireplace, Christmas carols, a queenly, sweet-faced woman acting as mother-host.

            Such was the contrast offered by the Hostess House at Christmas.  and such a contrast  is afforded at all times by this haven, where men find the quieting, restful, toning-up balm that is brought into life wherever women are.  It was sight never to be forgotten in the great room of the house Christmas Eve and Saturday night before.  Men of all races and creeds singing together the time-hallowed Christmas carols, and Mrs. Pirnie, with the three-star service shield mothering "Her Boys"

            She is one reason why the men of Camp Upton have gradually fallen into the habit of drifting into the Young Women's Christian Association establishment.  the mother of four sons, three of them in service, this Springfield, mass., Woman has a heart open for all the men in camp, and they find her a ready, sympathetic friend and a wonderful counselor.  She is the hostess of the house, at Fourth Avenue in-the-Fields, Capt. Malcolm Pirnie, somewhere in Russia": Lieut. Bruce

 

 Pirnie, Fort Douglas, Salt lake City, and Second Lieut. Roderick Pirnie, Camp Dix, are her three flesh-and-blood contributions to the war for liberty.  Gradually she

is finding the honor of Camp Mother inevitably falling upon her shoulders.

            The Hostess Houses have as their avowed function the entertaining of women visitors to camp, and they fill that place to such an extent that Upton would be a dreary place indeed if they were removed suddenly.  But one by one the soldiers have found out that a visit during the week makes them better men.  At first they came from neighboring outfits, the 302d Sanitary Train, the Engineers and the 302d Supply Train.  But the fame has gone abroad.  Now there are men there every night  from the four corners of camp, from the Depot Brigade, the 305th Infantry, the 306th infantry.  And they keep increasing in numbers.  A real light can't be kept under a bushel. or even in the middle of a muddy, stump-littered field.


IN WHICH DONAHUE

DISSECTS A HEAD

____

             Headline in last week's Trench and Camp:  "Turkey, Ornamented Trees, Santa Claus and Yule Log All on Bill of Fare."  Raymond Donahue of Bakery Company No. 10 called attention to it.  He said:  "Turkey? Yes, and some were there who were Hungary!  In fact, we have all nationalities.  There was some Greece present.  In reminded one of the Sandwich Islands, where they Fiji.  Ornamented Trees?  That must have been the celery sticking out of the glasses.  Some of 'em grew very all.  And Santa Claus?  No claws at all on our turkey!  Yule log?  Let me see - they play a kind of Hawaiian music on 'em, don't they?  And the bill of fare?  Well, if they send me a bill it wouldn't be fare, that's all!"

            Donohue is six feet tall and one or two feet hick at certain points.  In his home town they say he goes with a petite damsel, who is so small that when they go down the street someone has to go around on the other side of Donahue to make sure he isn't talking to himself.  Donahue says most of his family joined the army when he enlisted.

 

JUNIOR LEAGUE PLAYS SANTA

 

            The Junior League played Santa Claus to the boys left in camp over Christmas in the section around the Fifth Avenue and Eight Street Y.  M.C.A., presenting them on Saturday afternoon with cocoa and cakes and on Christmas Day with cigarettes and gum.  They also brought down decorations for the Christmas trees and the walls of the rooms.  the decorations of the building are highly effective, two large trees, furnished by two regiments, 307th and 308th, gracing the platform, and smaller ones surrounding each post and banking the fireplace of the social room.  And the panoramic winter sense decorating the walls all around the building give it warmth and color that is very attractive.  In fact, as usual, everyone who comes in says it is the most attractive "Y" in camp, and of course, keeps up to its "rep" of being the most homelike and cheery, according to its habitués.


OFFICERS SERVE
MEN CHRISTMAS;
ALL CARED FOR

One "Y" Hut gives Out Nearly
Two Thousand
Packages

____

                        The provisions made for a substantial Christmas were not overestimated in the predictions.  through the Red Cross, Y.M.C.A., Knights of Columbus and dozens of other agencies, every soldier who remained in camp was given a package, some more than that.  There were special Christmas parties in all the "Y" huts, each one of which had its Christmas trees and decorations.  In the 19th Street building one of the largest parties was held, nearly three thousand packages being distributed.  On Sunday night the five hundred men who left Monday for the South from the Deport Brigade were given a send-off of holiday cheer, with boxes.  On Christmas night two thousand and more boxes and packages were given out, the men who came in that morning from Fort Slocum not being forgotten.

            The other huts all proved splendid hosts and helped make the day a home-like one, with a minimum of blue and indigo combination.  Col. Smedburg, Lieut. Col. Ray and Officers of the 305th helped make the Christmas party at 5th and 1st a huge success.  Candy, ice cream, pie, smokes and other "useful and beautiful gifts," as they say of the Bride's presents, were passed out to the large company of men by the officers.  It was an uplifting sight to lamp a captain, his arms laden with edibles, et al, serving the men under him.  Movies were shown, Christmas services were held in the morning and each hut did a more than substantial bit in warming things up.


SPIRIT HERE CHRISTMAS WILL MAKE
GREAT SOLDIES, SAYS DR. MANNING
____

NOTED DIVINE WHO CHOSE TO BE
In Camp Says He Never Spent
a Christmas More Worth While

 

            At first it was hard to believe.  A man who actually chose to stay in camp Christmas Day, when perhaps - and the perhaps might be made a bit stronger - he might have been home with his family and friends.

            Was there one?  You ask with some incredulity.  There was, and he's mighty glad he stayed here.  This unusual choice was the Rev. Dr. William T. Manning's, rector of one of New York's largest churches, Trinity, and now chaplain here in camp, attached to the 302d Engineers.

            this was the first Christmas Day Dr. Manning has been absent from his parish.  He chose to remain here and share the Christmas joys with those whose lot it was to perform duties in camp.  The appreciation of the divine's work here among the men was borne witness to by the attendance at the Christmas service he conducted in the Second Avenue and Seventh Street Y.M.C.A.  The service was attended by every officer of the 302d remaining at Upton, except two, one whom duty kept in charge of regimental headquarters, the other forced to stay in by sickness.

            Dr. Manning very kindly prepared for Trench and Camp the following article on his Christmas at Camp Upton:

 

Thanks to the Y.M.C.A., the
K. of C., the Y.W.C.A and the
other good agencies which look
out for our welfare, we had a real
Christmas here in the camp.
Naturally, every man among us
would  have liked to be at his own
Home on that day, but the many
hundreds who were required to be
here on duty stayed at their posts
willingly and cheerfully.

There is a magnificent spirit
in this camp and it was this which
made our Christmas a good one
in spite of all obstacles.  We
have a wonderful lot of men
here.  Wherever I go I find a
straightforward human reality,
an open hearted frankness, a
readiness of response and a
cheerfulness under all circum-
stances which fill me with ad-
migration and make it a pleasure
to be with them.  And this same
spirit which was in our men here
on Christmas day is going to
make them great soldiers when
they reach the front.  That sec-
tor of the German line which hap-
pens to be opposite the Seventy-
seventh Division has my sincere
sympathy       

-2-

 

 

The religious services on
                  Christmas morning were remark-
          ably well attended.  The Christ-
          mas trees and other festivities
were a great success.  The
weather was bad.  We had no
fine music at our services.  We
missed the faces and the greet-
ings of our families and our
friends.  But for my part, I have
never spent a Christmas which
seemed to me more worthwhile
than this one here at Camp
Upton.

_____

 

                MACHINE GUN CHRISTMAS

SHOW ENJOYED BY 400

____

          A Christmas vaudeville entertainment was given by the Machine Gun Company, 307th Infantry, in the mess hall of their barracks, which was decorated for the occasion with holly, red and green bunting and other seasonable touches expressive of the Yuletide.  More than four hundred privates and many officers were present.

          The record attendance is attributed to the success of the first Machine Gun show, given several months ago, and the high standard of that affair was gone a couple better, if anything by the Yuletide Lay-out.  Herman Cohen pulled big hands with his inimitable comedy.  others who elicited high favor were Corpl. Sam Friedenberg, Machine Gun song-bird; Willie Leblanc, 304th Machine Gun Battalion, in bass songs; Private Buffo, Company M, 306th Infantry, selections from Italian opera, and the famous Camp Upton Four-Harry Solomon, Ben Baker, Will Reedy and Harry Weisberger.  Fifty dollars was realized from the affair, which will go to the company fund.


K.C. XMAS PARTY
A HUGE SUCCESS
____

Auditorium Is Jammed for
Vaudeville and Gift Dis-
tribution
_____

            Two thousand who stayed in camp Christmas packed the Knights of Columbus Auditorium in the afternoon to witness a fine Vaudeville performance by entertainers sent out by the United Booking Office from New York.  the building was jammed to overflowing.  Men were clinging to the windows outside and sitting across the beams near the ceiling.  Quite a number of officers were among those in the audience.  After the performance 2,000 packages of tobacco and cigarettes were given out to the men as they passed from the building and also comfort bags sent by the Chaplain's Aid Society.  The K. of C. Secretaries were not prepared for quite such an overwhelming crowd, and are consequently sorry that some of the men had to go without gifts.  Three rousing cheers were given for the performers after the excellent entertainment.

            The bill was as follows:  Songs by Doris Keene, Gladys Berkley and Lola de Morgan; T.J.l Carroll, prison and straitjacket escape artist, who gave a demonstration of how it might be possible to escape from the guard house;  Nicola Dominco, Italian baritone; Miss Cathryn Powell, one of America's most famous classical dancers; Cantwell and Wright, the two salesmen, with jokes, stories and songs that kept up a gale of laughter; Billy McDermott, the famous tramp comedian, who made a hit with the crowd as soon as he stuck his face into things.  The last number before retreat he "went big," and nearly missed his train back to Broadway accommodating the encores.  All in all, it was a wonderfully fine show.  Every artist appreciated the enthusiastic greeting accorded each number with generous encores.  The boys hope the United Booking Company sends another such galaxy to Camp Upton, and will assure them a royal welcome.

_____


"CANE" YOU CHEW IT?

            Private Arthur Henry of the Quartermaster's Corps is passing out to his compatriots some real samples of Louisiana sugar cane.  you simply cut off a chunk from the reddish stalk, peel off the tough covering, and go to it.  it is grand, succulent chewing too, and the flavor lasts.

______


CONGRATS TO SILOSKI!

            When it comes to grand Christmas dinners, the Fedora must be doffed to Mess Sergeant Mike Siloski of the Bakers' and Cooks' School.  It was not only in the cuisine that the Sergeant excelled, but his dining hall decorations were most tasteful (like the turkey), and every table was sheathed in snowy white cloths jes' lak home!


THE MAN WHO DID NOT KNOW

BY:  H. ADDINGTON BRUCE

            Have you ever heard of the spirochaeta pallida?

            Do you know what it is? Do you know what it can do?

            Are you aware that it is one of the worst enemies menacing you as a soldier for Uncle Sam?

            You do not have to go abroad to encounter it.  You are in danger from it even now.

            Here, on our own soil, it is waiting a chance to attack you,  And it is cunning in its method to entrap you.

            It masks itself in attractive guise.  it comes to you, not as an open foe, but  as a seeming friend - a young woman, eager to help you amuse yourself when off duty and away from camp.

            True, the face of your would-be "friend" is not quite so fresh and pleasing as the faces of the girls you know and respect back home.

            And the mode of entertainment she offers is not one approved by your moral sense.

            But you feel lonely.  The flame of youth is burning brightly in you.  The temptation is strong to forget the teachings of morality- just this once.

Tremendous Risk Involved

            Yield to the temptation, and forthwith you make yourself liable to suffer the physical pains and mental anguish which the spirochaeta pallida knows well how to inflict on its victims.

            Prompt help from men expert in fighting it may save you from its cruelest tortures.  But it is indeed a foe whose grip is hard to lose.

            Years after you think you are entirely free from it, you may one day discover that it was only biding its time to strike you a new and deadly blow.

            You may even find yourself in the miserable plight of a certain successful business man, who one day confided to his wife:

            "I'm afraid I'll have to see the doctor.  Something queer is the matter with me."

            "But," his wife objected, "You eat well and sleep well.  Your health seems to be as good as usual."

            "I have strange pains in my legs," he told her.  "They are sharp, shooting pains, like a stab or an electrical shock.

            "When I walk, it sometimes feels as if I were walking on cotton or sand, not on firm ground.  And when it is dark I have trouble controlling my feet

            "I have noticed, too, that I almost fall if I stand with my eyes shut.  Certainly I must ask somebody about it."

            The doctor consulted was not long in giving an opinion.

            "I think you had better let a neurologist examine you," he advised.  "Your nerves seem out of order, and may require special treatment."

            At the neurologist's there was a prolonged session of physical testing.  As it proceeded, something in the specialist's manner sent a chill of dismay through the business man.

            "You might as well tell me the worst," said he.  " I guess I'm pretty sick."

            "Your nervous system is not in good shape," the neurologist admitted.  "In fact, I am afraid that you are suffering from locomotor ataxia."

            "Which means," the business man groaned, "that I shall soon become a helpless cripple."

            "It may not be as bad as that.  Modern methods of treatment may -"

            "I know, I know.  But I have seen too many men afflicted with this terrible disease.  Doctor, how did I get it?"

Enlightened Too Late

            The neurologist parried the questions, answering it by a vague reference to nervous injury in earlier years.  He did not deem it wise at that moment to enlighten his agonized patient concerning matters about which he should have been given enlightenment in the days of his youth.

            therefore he did not show him, as he might have done, a picture of the spirochaeta pallida.  He did not say, as he might have said:

            "this curious little corkscrew-shaped creature is the source of all your trouble.

            "It is a disease-germ which got into your system when you were young and foolish.  It is the germ which cause syphilis, and which is now causing your locomotor ataxia as a sequel of the syphilis you contracted in your years of indiscretion."

            there was nothing to be gained in telling this long after the harm had been done.  It would only have drawn from the unhappy patient, as it has drawn from many another sufferer, the bitterly regretful cry:

            "If I had but known!"

            But there is much to be gained by letting other men know, before it is too late, the harm that the spirochaeta pallida may do to them.

            And Uncle Sam wants to put every one of his boys on guard against this insidious enemy.

            He wants them to know that the surest way to protect them salve against it is to lead clean sexual lives.

            He wants them to know that, they do not lead clean sexual lives  they will be incurring risks as dead to health and to life itself as any they will incur on the flaring -line.


BIRDMEN WILL DECIDE WAR

______

          The war will be won in the air.  This is the opinion not only of the great army of rocking-chair strategists, but also of some of the best informed military leaders.

            Just what is it what the aceroplane does in warfare?  The lay mind conceives of some wonderful feats of reconnaissance, of map-making and of directing artillery fire.  But in just what measure does the aeroplane contribute to victory or defeat?  the whole story of the aeroplane's contribution will not be known until, in those quiet hours following the war, men that have actually taken part in aeroplane encounters can write the stories contained in their brief and fragmentary notes.

            General John Maitland Salmond, head of the Central School of the
Royal British Flying Corps, in an article published in the New York Tribune, tells in detail of some of the feats of the nation's airy navies.

            He explains the fact that the German reports tell the names of machines and even of engines and of the rank of British pilots and observers by the statement that the Allies retain air supremacy.  if the Allies did not hold this supremacy, he argues, their aceroplaines would not fight and fall over German lines and it would be impossible for the German Intelligence Service to have such detailed information.  Were the supremacy held by the German their aeroplanes would be fighting over the Allied lines.

            The German reports for a given month claimed 78 British machines.  the British, for the same period, claimed 152 German machines as victims by actual crashing to the ground and 122 driven out of control.

            General Salmond surveys the work on all fronts.  he says the artillery co-operation resulted in such careful ranging in a single week of the given month that 226 enemy batteries were "successfully engaged for destruction."

            In the sphere of actual offensive squadrons carried out several deliberate attacks with enemy infantry concentrating for counter attacks.  All the counter attacks were broken up, troops being thoroughly demoralized by machine gun fire from heights of one hundred to three hundred feet.  Also in the sphere of actual offensive, bombing was continued in all weathers, day and night.  No enemy air dome opposite the British front escaped unmolested and "rest-billets, ammunition dumps, road and railways wee attached assiduously."

            Thus it will be seen that the aeroplane assists in directing artillery fire, in making and preventing reconnaissance, in destroying enemy morale and in scattering his forces during respites from front line effort.


THE HONOR ROLL

            Last week Trench and Camp told how Hawaii had sent more than twice her quota of volunteers to the army and how she had asked that credit be waived so that more of her 26,337 eligible's might be chosen under the selective draft.

            Now comes the following:

            Larne County, Kentucky, had 132 men as her quota for the National Army.  Only 132 were examined.  None claimed exemption.  All the 132 wee accepted.

            connecticut will send double its quota into the army of the United States.  When the recruti9ng closed on December 11, the total accepted in Connecticut stood at 4,305.  Only 3,228 were called for.

NEXT

THEY'LL APPRECIATE IT

 

            The home folks will appreciate Trench and Camp.  Send it to them so that they may read the news of your camp.

NEXT

SOLDIER'S WATCH LAUNDERED

            Being laundered did not hurt a watch owned by a soldier in camp near San Antonio,Texas.  The watch was thoughtlessly left in a pocket of an army shirt by the owner when he sent he sent the garment to the laundry.  The timepiece went through the big washing machine and was not discovered until the shirt was put into the wringer.  It was removed from the pocket and found to be running in perfect order.

 


 

THE SOLDIER'S RECREATION

By RAYMOND B. FOSDICK

(Chairman of the Commission on Training Camp Activities)

 

          In the summer of 1916, when our troops were temporarily mobilized on the Mexican Border, I was sent down, as a special agent of the War Department, to study the conditions which were surrounding the troops.  I remember standing in the streets of Columbus very shortly after Villa devastated that village, and watching the soldiers as they came across the railroad tracks.  Five thousand of our men were in camps there.  There was absolutely nothing in town that could in any way amuse them.  There were no moving picture shows; no places where they could write letters; no athletic equipment for their use; no library facilities of any kind; no homes to which they could go - absolutely nothing offered to the soldiers in the way of clean entertainment.

          Just after war was declared last April, the President and the Secretary of War, having these facts keenly in mind, asked me to assume the chairmanship of the newly appointed Commission on Training Camp Activities.  The main job of this Commission is to supply the normal things of life to the hundreds of thousands of men in training camps.  Besides the chairman, the members of the Commission are Lee F. Hanmer, of the Russell Sage Foundation; Thomas J. Howells, of Pittsburgh; Marc Klaw, the well-known theatrical producer; Joseph Lee, president of the Playground and Recreation Association of America; Malcolm L. McBride, the former Yale Football star; Dr. John r. Mott, well known as General Secretary of the War Work Council of the Y.M.C.A.; Charles P. Neill, of Washington; Col. Palmer E. Pierce, U.S.A., and Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, director of physical education of Princeton University.

 

          It was our task, in the first place, to see that the inside of the sixty odd army training camps furnished real amusement and recreation and social life.  In the second place, we were to see to it that the towns and cities near by the camps were organized to provide recreation and social life to the soldiers who would flock there when on leave.  In short, the government took this attitude and is holding to it all along: "Over a million men are training hard to flight for the Government; the Government will give them, while they train, every possible opportunity for education, amusement and social life.

          The Commission has not developed any more machinery than was absolutely necessary.  So far as possible we wished to work with the existing agencies.  The Commission leans heavily on the Y.M.C.A, the knights of Columbus and the Jewish Board of Welfare.  For the general club facilities inside the camps the splendid achievements of these organizations are so well known that they need no explanation here.  The American Library Association was asked to assume responsibility when it came to creating library facilities inside the camps.  It has raised a fund of over a million dollars, and in every National Army cantonment and National Guard camp there is now, either finished or in process of construction, a library building - in charge of a trained librarian who makes it his sole business to see that the men have ready and easy access to any type of book which they desire.

          The needs of a million men in camp, however, cannot be met by club facilities and books alone.  the War Department felt that it was absolutely necessary that opportunities for athletics, mass singing, dramatic amusement and education be furnished, not to five per cent or twenty per cent, but to one hundred per cent of the men within each camp.  Accordingly, the Commission on Training Camp Activities has established for the Government a comprehensive organization which will furnish such opportunities in each of the training camps.  Sports directors, song leaders and theatrical managers on the payroll of the Government are super-intending this great work at most of the important army training camps.

          For instance, to furnish dramatic entertainment to every man in the sixteen National Army camps the Commission has erected a theatre seating 3,000 people.  These theatres were built under a standardized plan and are completely equipped with full sets of stage paraphernalia, lights, drops and a moving picture machine.  By building theatres on a standard model we obviated the necessity of transporting scenery from camp to camp and made possible the production of high-grade performances at the very low cost, for the expenses are reduced to a minimum.

          Mr. Marc Klaw was given the task of organizing four companies to play light comedies and four companies of vaudeville stars.  "Turn to the right," "Cheating Cheaters,"  "Here Comes the Bride,"  "Inside the Line" and other popular plays will be presented in turn at the various cantonments.  The professional vaudeville companies will also make the rounds and the theatres will be offered to the men for the production of amateur dramatics or special moving pictures.  There will be a small charge of from 15 to 25 cents made for the professional entertainments.  In addition to these theatres, and at both the National Army and National Guard camps, the Redpath Lyceum furnishes entertainment.  The general direction of all paid entertainments at the camps is in the hands of Mr. Harry P. Harrison, the president and general manager of the Redpath Lyceum Bureau.

          One of the most interesting activities of the training camps is a brand-new one - mass singing.  that is, a systematic and organized development of it is new.  Victorious armies have been singing armies for many years, but the United States is probably the first country to go into mass singing on such a big scale.  Under the direction of a song leader, singing in nearly every training camp has become an enthusiasm.  To meet the demand for songs, the government for the first time has printed a song book.  this was published by the Commission.

          To make sure that the man who wanted to study French or English or trigonometry - indeed any such subject - would have an opportunity to do so, a special committee on education attached to the Commission has been charged with the responsibility for supplying instruction i9n any course for which a demand is seen.  The great number of men throughout the camps who have seized upon these educational opportunities is inspiring.  Naturally, in many of the camps of forty thousand men there are a number of native Americans and a number of foreigners who have taken up with interest their first lessons in English grammar, and in reading and writing.  The Committee on Education is utilizing in its work the machinery not only of university extension courses, but particularly the educational department of the Y.M.C.A.

          Athletics in connection with the training of a modern army is, of course, extremely important.  The responsibility for the organization and conduct of these recreate athletics in each camp is in the hands of a skilled organizer and coach who is officially recognized as a civilian on the staff of the Commanding Officer.  His salary is paid from Government funds.  thirty such sports-directors have been appointed by the Commission and assigned to posts.  The supervision of this work in each camp involves the creation of a Division Athletic Council, supplemented by regimental councils, and by such organizations among the companies as may be necessary.  The sports-directors in the National Army camps will be assisted by boxing instructors, fifteen of whom have already been appointed.  They will also co-operate with the representatives of the Y.M.C.A. and the Knights of Columbus assigned to athletic work in the camps.

          The whole object of this comprehensive athletic program is to give to the largest possible number of soldiers the opportunity to play hard as well as work hard - and to play at organized athletics if they want.  One of the most popular sports has proved to be boxing.

          So much for inside the camps.  What about the very important problems of recreation and amusement for soldiers on leave in the towns nearby?   To make these communities adjacent to the training camps the best possible places for soldiers in their free time - to organize the social and recreational facilities of the towns to meet every need of the men on leave, the Playground and Recreation Association of America has sent, at the request of the Commission, nearly one hundred train workers to such towns.  Their object is to impress the various city organizations with their responsibility for showing a sincere hospitality to men in uniform.  They are emphasizing the fact that the soldier in uniform is exactly the same men who walked on the streets in civilian clothes a few months since, and the putting on the uniform has not changed the man but has increased the responsibility of the community toward treating him fairly - and, more than that, cordially.


_____

 

ATHLETICS PROVE

BIG HELP TO MEN

IN TRAINING CAMPS

_____

 

          The wisdom of appointing athletic directors in all the training camps and cantonments to co-ordinate athletics with the military drills has been thoroughly established by the results achieved.

          The soldiers have been immeasurably assisted in their military work by their participation in games in which the same movements were used as in drills.  As a result they have made astonishingly rapid progress.

          Much of the credit for the splendid condition of preparedness in which the men in the camps and cantonments are found today belongs to the professional coaches and regimental and Y.M.C.A. athletic directors. 

          Of particular assistance to the men have been the athletic games in which the participants wore uniforms or heavy marching order equipment.  the athletic programs were so arranged as to put the participants through the same movements as they would be called upon to execute under actual war conditions.

          In a number of the camps the athletic games have approached trench conditions, the men taking part in contests of bomb throwing for distance, bomb throwing for accuracy and bomb throwing for speed and accuracy.  These contests have been witnessed by French and British instructors, who marveled at the ability of the American soldiers in mastering the art of bomb throwing in such a fashion as to compare them most favorably with the men now in the trenches.


 

CONSCRIPTION IN CANADA

 

          Conscription has been adopted in Canada by a larger majority than was expected.  The majority will be increased by the votes of the Canadian soldiers "Over there," practically all of whom cast their ballots in favor of selective service.  The retention of the Union government in power into the Dominion carried with it endorsement of the "win-the-war" policy as against the "quit-the-war" policy of a certain element of the Canadian citizenship.                                                                                                                      BENNY BACK

AND BOXING

TAKES BOUND

_____

Champion Will Give Exhibition

at Indoor Athletic

Meet.

_____

          Benny is back among us again.  After a triumphant tour of the country during which he fought military benefit bouts in Denver, St. Paul, New Haven and other centers, the World's Champion Lightweight has weighed anchor in the Home Port.  For Benny Leonard, official boxing instructor to the 77th Division, has temporarily moved from Manhattan, Stutz and all, and writes "Camp Upton" as his habitat.  It is needless to say that he returns with the luster of his brown undimmed and his hair unmissed.  Benny has a way of going through encounters and coming out fresh and combed and brushed, as faultlessly as when he steps into his racer for a breeze-out.  He's here to stay, so he announces, and will carry on his work of instructor where he left it off.

          One of the evidences that the manly art is in the ascendancy is the company boxing eliminations which are going forward.  In each company the men are all putting on the gloves to select the premiere fisticuff expert who will compete in the boxing tournaments to be held.

 

          Benny himself will appear on Friday at the Y.M.C.A. Auditorium as the headliner of another Athletic Night similar to the one so successfully conducted there recently in the winter series of Indoor Sports.  He will put on a couple of exhibition bouts with "Young" Fulton, who has sparred with him on other occasions, as one antagonist.

          The Friday night show will have other splendid features.  There will be some boxing preliminary to the Leonard exhibitions, and a moving picture of an athletic nature.  In all probability Lieut. Roddy will be billed to give some bayonet and share movements, and there will be other interesting contributions to the athletic evening.


MORE "Y" MEN ENLIST.

_____

           "Y" secretaries at Upton continue to feel the call to other service.  L.P. Lindsay, building secretary of the 19th Street Hut, goes to the Third Officers' Training Camp at Dix, Wrightstown, N.J., Jan.5, and K. Forman, late physical director at Second Avenue and 14th Street, has enlisted in the American Ambulance and is training at Allentown, Pa.


_____

FINE SPIRIT SHOWS

IN JEWISH WELFARE

ACTIVITIES AT CAMP

_____

Notes From the Board Which

Is Working for He-

brews Here

_____

           (From Jewish Board of Welfare.)

          At one of the Jewish services at Second Avenue and 14th Street, a number of non-Jewish fellows waiting for the movies, which were to follow the Hebrew services, had sat through the service and sermon.  "Say, Bill," said one after it was over, "do you know there isn't an awful lot of difference between their prayers and ours."  Another instance of mutual understanding.

          Mr. Hyman, in charge of the Jewish Welfare Work, on Tuesday sent over to the Adjutant of the 306th Infantry about 1,100 packages of cigarettes to be distributed.

          As an instance of the fine spirit which the men at camp are showing toward the work.  Private Ruben  Rosenfeld, Headquarters Company, 307th Infantry, popped into the office of the Jewish Welfare Board and said modestly, "I just got my pay and don't know what to do with it; I know that you people are doing good work, so I want to contribute $10," and before we could stop him, had laid down his offering and disappeared. 

          We do not believe in taking money from the men in the service, and we are going to get Private Rosenfeld to apply that money to some other useful purpose: but the spirit is great!

          When it leaked out among the men who frequent the Y.M.C.A. Building at Fifth Avenue and Eighth Street that the Y.M.C.A. men and the Jewish Welfare Board Secretaries had just receive the needle, one universal grin overspread all faces.  "Do youse get jabbed, too?" asked one anxious looking individual.  He was reassured when we told him that the needle spared no man.  Another bond of fellowship between the workers and the men in the army.

          All Jewish men who are interested in forming a Bible Study Class should get in touch with the Jewish Welfare board office.

 

"THE SPY" SHOW HERE.

 

          One of the strongest films seen here such movies have been a favored Upton pastime - was seen at the Y.M.C.A. Auditorium when "The spy," featuring Dustin Farnum, was shown.  the picture was secured by Company 1, 307th Infantry, some for the fine "motions" coming here having been signed up by members of the outfit.


HAVE YOU BEEN INTRODUCED TO

YOUR LITTLE SH'TA-HARA YET?

_____

Allan Smith Begins Initiating

Enlisted Men in

Jap Art.

_____

           "The Apostle of the Sh'ta-hara" might be the title of Allan Smith.  He is the short, smiling Scotsman who is bringing the persistence and steady enthusiasm which got him the Black Belt to the work of making Upton soldiers more efficient.  he is planning to spread the gospel of the sh'ta-hara until there shall be one in every barrack, like a piano or a shaving stick.  But, stay, there is already one in every barrack.  The difficulty is that nobody knows it's there.  Everyone has one of these here-now-sh'ta-hara.  The thing is to get acquainted with it, train it, become friendly and clubby and intimate with it.  to make everyone know his sh'ta-hara is Mr. Smith's mission.

          the sh'ta-hara is the center of gravity.  it is practically the same as "guts," to use a classical term not generally understood, and is that portion of the person lying south of the chest.  Part of it is called the diaphragm- why digress into physiology.  The sh'ta-hara is more practical than just physiology.  When you get control of it your efficiency is raised several kilos.  Your carriage and poise are then not what they were in the dear, dead days before the sh'ta-hara entered your life.  They amount to something.  Mr. Smith makes it worthwhile.  He has been here some weeks working with the officers, or rather playing with the, for he's thrown the biggest Lieutenant that every consulted a wrist watch.  Jiu-jitsu did it.

He knows jiu-jitsu as perhaps no other white man has ever learned it, holding the Black Belt which is awarded only virtuosos in the Japanese art.  It took him ten years to get the belt.

          Mr. Smith has begun to instruct the enlisted men in sh'ta-hara control and will teach them some jiu-jitsu tricks.  Two companies of the 305th Infantry received his first tutelage immediately after the Christmas Holiday.

 

308TH AUDITORIUM

_____

                    Night and day mean practically the same thing to Col. Averill's doughty doughboys these latter days, as the work on the new regimental auditorium advances both in the dark and the daylight, whenever details can be girded up with saw, hammer and overalls.  The work is being done by men of the regiment, supervised by the officers, and the 308th is taking a lot of interest in the enterprise.  Contributions by officers made it possible, financially, to construct the building, which will seat about 1,800, and will be used for regimental entertainments, lectures, movies and other purposes.  The structure is to rear its bulk in the exclusive Fifth Avenue section, near the corner of Eighth Street.

 

_____

COURT GAME PLANS

PRESAGE ACTIVITY

_____

Basketball to Be Played All Over

Camp by Company and Regiment.

_____

 

This will be a shooting winter in camp, from all indications.  The rifle range is one reason why, and another one is summed up in the basketball plans which the duo of athletics dads, messrs. Bryant and Glick, with the co-operation of regimental athletic officers, have ready to set in motion.  Basketball is a shooting game, and there are scores of cracks among the enlisted men, indicated by the games played thus far, who can punish the bull's-eye with great consistency.  There is a lot of enthusiasm for the game, which is an excellent form of exercise, and the number of participants will be large.

          Enough good indoor courts will be available to give all the teams plenty of practice.  There is no doubt but that a basketball arena will be constructed in each Y.M.C.A. hut, where companies can play off battalion tournaments and the battalions in turn play for the regimental supremacy, as the plan calls for.  There are, besides courts in the K. Of C. club houses, and the K. of C. auditorium has already been very much in demand and has witnessed a number of fast floor contest.  There will be also several regimental halls which will lend themselves to the caging game.  There will be two courts in the Y.M.C.A. auditorium, and this building will probably see the games for the division regimental championship.

_____

HUTS' MOVIE PROGRAMMES

ENHANCED BY BANDS.

_____

 

          The pictures now being shown at the Y.M.C.A. huts in camp are remarked by the men as being of a much higher class the last couple of weeks, and the men show their appreciation in every decided way.  Recently at the Fifth Avenue and Eighth Street building the showing was a photo play entitled "The Last Man."  The 308th Infantry Band under the direction of Bandmaster Miller opened the programme with the new march, "Colonel Averill," and rendered a selection during each intermission between reels.  Austin McClure of the band played the plane all during the picture, adding greatly to its enjoyment.  It is planned to have a musical programme put on by various companies of the 307th and 308th regiments in connection with the movies each Wednesday and Friday evenings.

          At the Fifth and Fourth Street Hut a band detail from the 306th plays Wednesday, in accordance with an order issued by Col. Vidmer, and Bandmaster Burns's men add greatly to the enjoyment.

                                              _____

ALL SIGNALMEN GUESTS

OF NEWER BATTALION 321.

_____

 

                   Signal Corps men of the two battalions, 321st and 302nd, got together recently at the Y.M.C.A. hut, Second Avenue and 14th Street, in a wigwag evening, when the members of the former battalion were hosts.  Officers of both battalions were present as guests of honor, and a feature of the entertainment was the presentation of non-com warrants to those of the newer battalion who have won their chevrons.  A signal Corps jazz band, composed of musicians from both outfits and embracing every known jazz instrument yet led into captivity, took honors in the entertainment, as did the Eczema Quartette, which broke out with camp songs and original parodies.  Harry Schoen, xylophonist and versatility man of Company C, 302nd F.S.B., figured prominently in the programme, which from start to finish had the unmistakable marks of class.  The occasion was noteworthy in bringing together the men of the two signaling "corpses" in close fellowship and establishing a closer bond between them


_____

TRAIN INFORMATION

FOR LONG ISLANDERS.

_____

           Many of the Long Island men in camp are unaware of the arrangements in force by the Long Island Railroad to take care of them in their journeying.  To inform the, especially the men new in camp, the following excerpt is printed from a letter received by Corpl. Harry Tappen, No. 302 Headquarters Train, from Mr. Ralph Peters, President of the Long Island:

          "We have put into effect a special rate of $1.20 for the round trip between Camp Upton and all points on the Island, good on all trains.  This enables the Nassau County and Suffolk County men to use the regular or special trains from Camp Upton, Manorville, Moriches, Yaphank, or wherever they may find it convenient to take them.  We have built a westbound wye between the Manor Branch and the Montauk Division at Eastport, so that trains can leave Camp Upton terminal and head out in either direction, either by Main Line to Jamaica, or to Manorville, Eastport and over the Montauk Division to Jamaica.  The movement has become so heavy that some of our trains must be diverted to the Montauk Division".


_____

INTERESTING 305TH HISTORY

ONE OF DEVELOPING MORAL

_____

Regimental Spirit Has Been

Strong From Inception With Splendidly Disciplined, Well-

Trained Organization the Result.

_____

 

          One of the best-drilled and best-disciplined regiments at Camp Upton is the 305th Infantry.

          Filled with new York City men, officered by New Yorkers, many of whom were "captains of industry" before they entered the army, and with a Regular Army Colonel at its head and a Regular Lieutenant Colonel, this organization has established a remarkable training record.

          The 305th can justly be referred to as Greater New York's "peppiest" regiment.  Within a little more than three months its members have demonstrated not only that the average New Yorker can be transformed into a well-disciplined fighting man at short notice, but that, torn from either a tenement house or a Fifth Avenue mansion, he thrives on life in the army.

Some Shy on English.

          When the 305th came into being its officers found themselves struggling, like every other National Army outfit, with what was practically a civilian mob.  New York men from every walk of life were its members.  Ninety-five per cent.  of them had no record of previous military experience.  Many there were who could not speak English.

          To drill these men under the supervision of Col. William R. Smedberg jr., commanding officer of the 305th, and Lieut. Col. James C. Rhea, both of the Regular Army, and both West Point graduates, was the task that fell upon the shoulders of the new Reserve Officers.  Of these officers there was a sprinkling of men who had risen from the ranks in the Regular Army; but most of them were former New York business men who had given up important interests and sacrificed their home life to defend their country.

          With the exception of having attended one or two Plattsburg training camps previous to the "war camp" of 1917, or a period of duty with the National Guard, these Reserve Officers had no records of military experience.  Much has been said of  the "paper work" that confronted the new Reserve Officers.  As a matter of fact, this 'paper work," or individual book-keeping on the soldiers, was not the bug/bear it has been pictured.  It kept many of officer up late o 'nights and robbed them of much sleep; but having been well established in business before taking up a military career, he found that by applying common sense and energy to his "paper work" he got along all right.


_____

MORALE DEFINED.

_____

           The biggest job of all was to start the men off right with their daily routine - to establish in the 305th Infantry that difficult - to -define element known as "morale."  This word "morale" means "the soul of a fighting unit."  If you see a bunch of soldiers who are cheerful, happy and well-disciplined, you may know that their morale is good,  If, on the other hand, you see an outfit of men surly, poorly disciplined, who do their work as if forced to it, you may know their morale is bad.

          Good morale is what every commanding officer first aims at.  it was what Col Smedberg aimed at in the 305th.  he hit the mark.  The men were cheerful from the beginning.  He made them work hard and enjoy what they were doing.  Then, finding that they were making good progress at their work, they became mighty well satisfied with their surroundings and decided that the 305th was the best possible outfit for them.  Having decided this, they became proud of their organization and centered every energy on bettering it.

          This feeling - regimental spirit, it is called 0- was encouraged by Col. Smedberg and his subordinate officers, with the result that it now exists in the highest possible degree.

          Col. Smedberg has a military record that is well worth a glance.  Here it is:

Graduated from West Point in June, 1893; entered the cavalry.  Instructor at West Point 1896 o 1898.  From 1889 to 1902, covering the period of the Spanish-American War, was aide to Brigadier-General S.B.M. Young, serving in Cuba and the Philippines.  Promoted to First Lieutenancy in 1899; Captain in 1901; Major 1916; Lieutenant Colonel 1917, and on August 15, 1917, after serving as commander at Madison Barracks Training Camp, was appointed Colonel.

_____

MOVIES TO PLAY PART

IN DIVISION COURSE

_____

Films to Be Shown Designated

Organizations - "The Training

of the Soldier".

          Motion pictures will play an important part in the training of the 77th Division's soldiers.  A series of instructional movies called "The Training of the soldier's is included in the course of instruction for regiments of the division, and the first group of films will be exhibited in the Y.M.C.A. Auditorium within a short time.

          Organizations will be designated to attend, and will march to the auditorium, each company in charge of a commissioned officer.  The reels, made under the direction of the General Staff of the United States Army, are on subjects common to all branches of the service, and special films will be shown organizations whose schedules of instruction includes subjects treated.

          Group one, to be exhibited the first day, consists of Discipline and courtesy, Physical Drills, Army Signals.  Various regiments will be appointed to attend each day, and those which will view the initial presentation are the four infantry outfits - 305th, 306th, 307th and 308th.

                                       _____

ORPHEUS FOUR PLEASES;

SING IN NUMEROUS CAMPS

_____

 

                   The quartet of young men who have taken the M out of Morpheus- the Orpheus Four, in other words- of Los Angeles have been in Upton for a week tickling the ears of Seventy-seventh Division fighters.  The new York gang know good stuff when they hear it, and their approval of the smoothly phrased, mellow harmonies emitted by the lads form the Golden State has been unqualified.

                   The Orpheus singers have been singing in numerous camps through the East and South and have sung before thousands of men in the new army.  They have expressed astonishment at the advanced stage of soldiering achieved by the National Army men here and have commented on the splendid discipline and co-operation.

 

_____

F. 307th, PACKS "AUD".

                   Vaneville and Italian war pictures were on the programme given at the Y Auditorium under the auspices of Company f. 307th Infantry, with a packed house.  the company fund benefited by the proceeds.  private Paul Weinheimer was in charge.  Some fast boxing topped the programme.

 

 

DECEMBER 31, 1917

_____

L BOYS REGAL HOSTS.

_____

       

        The boys who make the 5th and 3rd Y Hut their spare time hangout were treated to an evening of "fun and frolic" recently by Company L. 308th Infantry, with five big vaudeville acts and eight reels of motion pictures on the menu.  First Sergt.  Stevenson, through the kindness of Private Philip A. Schwartz, obtained the reels, Sergt. Frank Mocherce trotting them hither in his car.  The vaudeville went big, and not least among the success factors was Mr. Miller's 308th Band.  Some of the camp's big timers were there, including Abrams, MacManus, Nulty and Incus.  Private Louis Stutz, social representative of Company L, superintended the affair, Private Harry B. Scheiber ably assisting with Cronin, artilleryman, at the piano.  The Liians proved no pokers when it was time to feed.  They served a line of gastronomic in the company barrack after the programme that resembled a grange picnic before the war for completeness and variety.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DECEMBER 31, 1917

_____

OFFICERS' CLUB OPENED.

_____

 

          Beautiful in every appointment, Officers' Club was recently turned over to the Board of Governors, of which Gen. Whittenmeyer, Second Senior Officer of the Division, is Chairman, by Mr. and Mrs. Milton Burrill of Westbury, L.I.  the building, which is part of the group at the base of headquarters Hill, is easily the most perfectly equipped of any in camp for comfort.  Great easy chairs, beautiful rugs and every appointment of a gentleman's club are included.  The building and furnishings are the memorial gift of Mr. and Mrs. Burrill, in commemoration of their son, who died while a cadet at West Point.  the officer of the Division are eligible to membership.


_____

ASK FOR STAMPS NOW

IN REFINED ACCENTS

BECAUSE OF A WOMAN

_____

Old Terminology Disappears

Among Denizens of 5th

and 8th Hut.

_____

The doughty doughboys of the 307th, 308th and the Suicide Club men in the Machine Gun Battalions are stepping with a lighter tread and speaking with cultured accents these days.  It's the training they're getting in buying stamps and securing paper from one of the fairest of the fair who is on duty at the desk of 5th and 8th Y Hut every day in the week.

          "Three of each, if you please," are now the refined syllables lisped in boney-dew accents in place of "Hey, Billy, jitney's worth o' red and green 'uns," or the expressive "Gimme stamp."

          The Junior League girls are doing many other very large "bits" also.  The boys in that section are continually singing their praises.  Just recently it was Mrs. Fairchild, whistling soloist, and Mrs. Braisted, pianist, who please with an entertainment.  And there are always "seconds" on the coca and cake which are accompaniments.


_____

305TH GIVE ST. JOHN'S

CLOSE RUN IN FAST GAME

_____

          The whirlwind quintet from St. John's College, Brooklyn, had to travel their limit at Knights of Columbus Auditorium when they met the five basketball geniuses who uphold the banner of the 305th Infantry.  it was a neck-and-neck affair from the first whistle, and the result was in doubt until the final minute of play, which showed the visiting team slightly to the goo, 29 to 23.  Clever playing on both sides brought round after round of approval from the large gallery of fans, who declared it the speediest contest of the many excellent ones played on the K. of  C. court.  The teams were as follows:

          305th Infantry - Donohue Mills, Graham, Shepard and Woods.

          St. John's College - Murphy, Roche-Glass, Burke and Flynn.

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